Plants A to Z

A Guide to Grow and Care for Philodendrons

Philodendron is one of the most well-known houseplants in America. These are commonly found in offices and households all over the world. The most well-known kind is always seen as a messy 10-foot long sparse vine with a couple of heart-shaped leaves detached along its length.

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Philodendron is one of the most well-known houseplants in America. These are commonly found in offices and households all over the world. The most well-known kind is always seen as a messy 10-foot long sparse vine with a couple of heart-shaped leaves detached along its length. 

Philodendrons start in the jungles and are vital for the Aroid family (Araceae). These plants come in many shapes and sizes, from little plants to goliath trees. There are many types of Philodendrons, each having its qualities as to leaf shape, size, or color. 

Most Philodendrons are in the wild area of tropical America and are appropriate for medium light intensity like a thick wilderness floor. Due to this adjustment, they are a prime possibility for surviving in the low to medium light of many homes and workplaces. While most philodendrons will grow well in low-light situations, the more exciting varieties require more splendid areas.

Philodendrons at a Glance

  • Botanical Name: Philodendron spp.
  • Common Name: Philodendron
  • Family: Araceae
  • Toxicity: Toxic to people and pets
  • Plant Type: Perennial
  • Sun Exposure: Partial
  • Mature Size: 1–20 ft. tall, 1–6 ft. wide 
  • Soil Type: Loamy, well-drained
  • Hardiness Zones: 9–11 (USA)
  • Soil pH: Acidic
  • Native Area: Central America, South America

Philodendron Care 

These following directions will help you take care of Philodendron better. This guide will let you know how to water this kind of plant: its temperature, light, humidity inclinations, and any extra care it may have to help it with growing. 


Philodendrons grow best in medium light and indirect sunlight. The old leaves become yellow. Anyhow, if you notice a few yellow leaves immediately, it can be clear that the plant is getting an excessive amount of sun. They will bear low light, but if the stems become leggy with a few creeps between the leaves, you might have to move the plant to a more bright area. 


Watering your philodendron is very basic. Let the highest point of the soil dry out between watering. Nonetheless, don't let a big greater amount of it dry out as philodendrons grow fast. When they are growing fast, they like to ingest a lot of dampness. Make sure you are utilizing a pot with a drainage hole. It will keep your plant glad. 


The Philodendron favors lightweight, penetrable, and nutritious soil. Interestingly, the soil does not have the demeanor to consolidate or dries out rapidly. Modest nursery soil tends to dry out rapidly. The soil is the better decision, which can be improved with created or spoiled leaves. You can likewise use garden soil enriched with coconut filaments and bloom soil. 


The ideal temperature is between 65 – 78°F during the day and around 60°F around evening time. 


Philodendrons will survive for quite a long time without propagation. Anyhow, they are quickly growing plants and should be propagated monthly with a half-strength arrangement of houseplant food in the spring and summer and every month in fall and winter. Propagate each three to four months. Look out your plant since you should possibly offer fertilizer when it is effectively delivering new leaves.

Types of Philodendron

The most common types of philodendron include:

  • Philodendron scandens: It is a famous climber with dark green leaves. These leaves are two to four inches long. Its long stems can grow to four feet. It is also called the lovely plant. It can survive in low light and is known as one of the most reliable of all houseplants. It will flourish for quite a long time with little care. 
  • Philodendron erubescens: This is overflowing with life climber with ruddy stems and leaves. 
  • Philodendron melanochrysum: The Philodendron melanochrysum is an excellent tropical plant. The dark green glasslike leaves flaunt a dazzling yellow vein. The yellow vein follows its direction through the leaf to shape an exceptional example. 
  • Philodendron rojo: Congo Rojo is not quite the same as numerous different philodendrons in that it does not have a climbing or vining propensity. 
  • Philodendron bipinnatifidum: Philodendron bipinnatifidum, usually called tree philodendron or split-leaf philodendron, is a big, non-climbing, semi-woody bush with immense, gleaming, wavy-margined, profoundly took apart evergreen leaves. Flowers seldom show up on indoor plants.

Pruning & Propagating Philodendrons 

People enjoy Philodendrons as hanging plants or table plants. Regardless of which style you pick, pruning your philodendron regularly will assist with keeping your plant lavish and full. Cut the leggy path soon after a hub. Do this consistently to advance business and energize new growth. Ensure cuts are smooth instead of barbed, and you can utilize scissors, pruning shears, or your fingernails. 

Expectation Philodendron can be spread by seed, stem tip cuttings, or through basal branches. For stem tip cuttings, cut a part of the stem tip with something like two unblemished leaf hubs. It is significant as this will be the place where the roots will grow. You can establish the stem cutting in water or simply into the soil. For basal branch spread, separate the branch from the mother plant and plant in a different pot. If you love growing tree philodendron, you would likewise need to claim a Monstera deliciosa plant as their foliage looks practically the same. 

Growing Philodendron from Seed 

Philodendrons can likewise be grown from seed. But this is a long, slow cycle to get an example measured plant. The seeds should be kept soggy and at a temperature of 75-80 degrees F. for germination, which takes from 15 to 30 days. 

Potting and Repotting Philodendrons 

You should report your Philodendron in late winter when they are emerging from lethargy. Repotting your Philodendron will help with holding them back from becoming root-bound. While philodendrons can bear being root-bound, they don't like it. Repotting your plant regularly will help healthy new growth. If you figure your plant could be root bound however you don't know since you can't perceive any roots appearing under the pot, you can pay special mind to a portion of these signs. 

Problems with Philodendron 

In case you are a novice, you may be nervous about why your plant is not growing. Do not worry as this is altogether normal for your philodendron to rest throughout the months and have some time off from growing. 

Some common issues that your philodendron can look at during winter are: 

Over-propagating, leggy growth, overwatering, and leaf drop.


Are philodendrons simple to take care of? 

Philodendron care is simple. Indeed, even unpracticed houseplant proprietors will have no difficulty in growing philodendron plants because the plants can easily adjust to conditions inside the home. 

How quickly does philodendron grow? 

Philodendron plants are fast-growing plants. The plants can grow up to 10 cm each week in case it is in the growing season. While growing its plants, it will likewise begin to grow leaves and flying roots alongside those plants. 

How long can a philodendron live? 

Like other different houseplants, philodendrons can live up to 40 years and more. The only thing that matters is how well you care for this tropical houseplant, like giving adequate bright light.

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Elissa Sanci
Elissa Sanci
Elissa Sanci, the owner of the website, and senior writer of New York Garden; graduated from Santa Barbara City College – a famous public school in California with many diverse training professions, and she majored in horticulture.