Plants A to Z

How to Grow and Care for Desert Rose

The desert rose plant makes a phenomenal warm-climate (spring and summer) expansion to your porch, deck, or scene, and it additionally does very well as a houseplant. In this article, we will share useful information to help you with appreciating success with this alluring, sun-loving plant.

As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Learn more

Adenium obesum - the desert rose plant is an indoor succulent that accompanies 2 - 3 inch flowers. It is the assortment of tones and trumpet shapes that make this pruned example stick out. It is not difficult to grow and settle on a phenomenal decision for you in case you're a gutsy landscaper. This Arabian local is awesome in a warm environment or indoors compartment gardens.

A lethargic growing plant, Adenium obseum infrequently becomes more than 12 inches a year. This makes it a simple plant to keep up with because it seldom congests its position. Whenever permitted to, the plants can arrive at a stature of around 6 ft.

It is the enlarged trunk, or caudex, that separates desert rose from other tropical succulents. A fat trunk is an indication of a sound plant. If your plant has a thin trunk, it requires more dampness.

Desert Rose Overview

  • Native area: Africa
  • Common name: Desert rose, mock azalea, Sabi star, impala lily
  • Family: Apocynaceae
  • Botanical name: Adenium obesum
  • Plant Type: Succulent
  • Mature size: 3–9 ft. tall, 3–5 ft. wide
  • Soil type: Sandy, well-drained
  • Sun Exposure: Full
  • Soil pH: Neutral to acidic
  • Flower color: Pink, red
  • Bloom time: Summer
  • Hardiness zones: 11, 12 (USDA)
  • Toxicity: Toxic to pets and humans also

Desert Rose Care

Keep in mind the following points if you want to plant desert rose in your garden or home.


Recall that these plants are succulents. In the wild, they appreciate wet periods, during which they grow, trailed by lethargic, droughts. Imitating this regular cycle with your watering routine assists the plant with flourishing. It would be ideal if you attempt to regard the plant as tropical throughout the spring and midyear months and succulent throughout the fall and winter.

This implies keeping the soil equitably clammy throughout the spring and mid-year months. In the colder time of year and fall lessen watering to close to one time per month. Water gradually, cautiously immersing the soil. Try not to permit pools of standing water to shape on the soil. This can make roots waterlogged and spoiled.


However long the soil is light and depletes well, desert rose will remain glad! Choose a succulent or desert plant-soil blend in with a coarse and light surface for the best growth. You can likewise improve the soil with manure and natural matter at the hour of planting.


Apply a reasonable fluid fertilizer, weakened to a fourth of its solidarity, consistently in spring and summer is great for advancing growth. In case you're utilizing granular fertilizer, feed the plant once in 90 days. The plant turns lethargic in winters and doesn't need any kind of taking care.


In hot tropical locales where the temperature goes from 70-100 F (21-38 C), it can remain outside the entire year. Relax if you live in cool areas where the temperature drops as low as 45 F (7 C) as it creates a lot of flowers in such districts. You'll simply need to move it back indoors when the temperature dips under 40 F (4 C).

Types of Desert Rose

  • Adenium obesum subsp. oleifolium: Adenium obesum subsp. oleifolium is a succulent bush with a huge tuberous, generally covered come from which the aeronautical branches emerge. ... Leaves are olive-green leaves, particularly long and thin and swarmed at the tips of the branches.
  • Adenium obesum subsp. socotranum: Adenium obesum subs. socotranum (Adenium socotranum) of the periwinkle family, Apocinaceae, is the goliath of the variety, framing a monstrous funnel-shaped trunk/caudex a few meters tall and up to 2.4 m in width, the entire plant up to 3, and 5 meters in tallness.
  • Adenium obesum subsp. somalense: Adenium obesum subsp. somalense, also called Adenium somalense, is a succulent bush or little tree, up to 16.4 feet (5 m) tall, with an enlarged, frequently contorted trunk. The leaves are long, barely direct, and ruddy green with noticeable white midrib and veins with a gleaming feature.
  • Adenium obesum subsp. swazicum: Adenium obesum subsp. swazicum, also called Adenium swazicum, is a diminutive person, the deciduous succulent bush that grows up to 28 inches (70 cm) tall. The basal stem is short, enlarged, at times to some degree covered, up to 6 inches (15 cm) in distance across, and produces a few greenish to grayish branches.


Sanitize cutting edges before pruning; either plunge them in scouring liquor or wipe them with a 10% fade arrangement. In case you're removing ailing growth, sanitize the edges between each cut.

Eliminate cold-harmed growth when new growth arises in pre-spring or late winter. Scale back long, slender shoots to about similar length as different stems, utilizing a couple of sharp, clean pruners. It is best to prune the branches that cross other branches. 

Propagating a Desert Rose

Most deserts rose plants are grown from seed. If your plant structures seed cases, sow the seeds when the cases open. Allow them to grow and grow for about a month before relocating the seedlings into a bigger holder.

A few gardeners start new desert rose plants from branch cuttings, however, plants are grown from cuttings only occasionally structure the stout trunks that the plants are known for.

How to Grow Desert Rose From Seed

It might appear glaringly evident yet first and foremost and above all fruitful germination paces of Adenium Seeds rely profoundly upon acquiring the freshest seed conceivable from a confided in a provider who has insight in raising Adenium from seed.

Adenium Seeds are extremely simple to grow, anybody can grow them as long as you give them what they need to flourish. Adenium ordinarily sprouts indoors for 7 to 10 days and incidentally, some will grow indoors a little while.

Potting and Repotting a Desert Rose

Set forth plainly, eliminate the plant cautiously from its compartment. You might have to remove or break it from its root mass. When you have the root ball free, basically set it into another compartment, the following size up, and fill around it with a decent quality prickly plant blend or other strongly draining soil combination.

The smooth sap of desert rose is harmful and has even been utilized to make poison bolts for game hunting in pieces of Africa. Wear gloves and security goggles when taking care of the plant and clean up if they interact with the sap. To take no chances, get the desert rose far from kids and pets, especially if they tend to snack or play with plants.


Putting the adenium in places with positively no ice or someplace completely dry will help. Take a stab at putting them against a divider or under a rooftop cover like your patio rooftop. The hotness caught by the divider could assist with keeping the plants hotter. Make sure no downpour or water gets into contact with your plants.

How to Get Desert Rose to Bloom

Desert roses regularly flower for a very long time all through spring and summer. With legitimate consideration, some better-than-ever cultivars might flower all year. Once more, show restraint. Desert rose plants may not deliver sprouts for quite some time, however, if the plant is sound and growing conditions are correct, it will ultimately create flowers.

Common Problems with Desert Rose

Plants might neglect to flower for some time after repotting, while they change by their new climate. Not water for seven days in the wake of establishing assists the plant with changing. An absence of light can likewise forestall flowering. The use of phosphorus fertilizer or bone feast empowers blooming.

Overall, desert rose is not troubled by critical infection or bug issues, although bug parasites can be an issue for indoor plants. If your plant fills in soil that isn't well-draining, it could foster root decay. If the plant withers although you give it enough water, take a stab at repotting it in soil uncommonly intended for succulents or desert flora.


Is desert rose effectively to care?

Numerous cultivators appear to experience difficulty focusing on desert rose plants, however, these can genuinely be not difficult to keep up with if you remember the water, temperature, and lighting needs of Adenium.

How quickly does desert rose grow?

If you have new adenium plant seeds and you are growing them in the right condition they will sprout in 5 to 7 days. Indeed, I have seen some sprouts in three days and around fourteen days. In any case, 95% will grow in 5 to 7 days if the seeds are new.

How long can desert rose live?

As houseplants, desert roses by and large just flower in summer as per Missouri Botanical Garden. Desert rose flowers last around seven days as indicated by Ornamental Horticulture

0 ratings
Elissa Sanci
Elissa Sanci
Elissa Sanci, the owner of the website, and senior writer of New York Garden; graduated from Santa Barbara City College – a famous public school in California with many diverse training professions, and she majored in horticulture.