Plants A to Z

Tips to Grow and Care for Agave

Agave plants offer an ideal solution for gardeners revising their water-gulping landscapes while bringing more benefits of structure as well as surface and subtle color. Agave plants are versatile and can also be outgrown in their zones in pots whenever given winter protection.

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Agave plants offer an ideal solution for gardeners revising their water-gulping landscapes while bringing more benefits of structure as well as surface and subtle color. Agave plants are versatile and can also be outgrown in their zones in pots whenever given winter protection. 

Agave leaves unfurl gradually and neatly from a center conical-shaped crown. Numerous species leave very articulated markings and examples where the previous leaf rested before unwinding. These plants can require numerous years to bloom and are usually called century plants also. A part of the bigger types of Agave can deliver an incredible flowering show of more than 12 meters high.

Agave Plant Overview

  • Botanical: Name Agave
  • Common Name: Agave, century plant
  • Family: Asparagaceae
  • Mature Size: 1–20 ft. tall, 1–10 ft. wide
  • Plant Type: Perennial, succulent
  • Sun Exposure: Full
  • Soil pH: Acidic, neutral
  • Soil Type: Sandy, well-drained
  • Flower Color: white, green, yellow
  • Native Area: South America, North America, Central America
  • Hardiness Zones: 5–11, USA
  • Toxicity: Toxic to pets and people

Agave Care

If you are not still; convinced that the Agave plant is the best succulent for you, read on to find that it is so natural and easy to take care of. 


Agaves respond well to customary watering per week throughout the late spring, yet if the climate is searing, radiant, and dry, it is best to water up to 3 times each week. When watering, ensure the free-draining soil blend is completely soaked and very much immersed. The best chance to water Agaves is early morning when the Sun is less extreme. Throughout the colder time of year, Agaves require water, a slight dampening of the soil is adequate for the colder months as the plant is torpid. 


Agaves are surprising houseplants, particularly when given a warm setting with loads of good sunlight. They are sun admirers, so try to put them in your garden where they can get somewhere around 6 hours of extremely splendid sunlight each day to keep them cheerful and sound consistent. Agaves can also persevere through a light shade directness for several hours, particularly in the most sizzling part of the day. 


The Century plant inclines toward soil that channels quite well. This means that the topsoil soil should be utilized that contains sand so it stays wet yet depletes well. The soil should be PH Acid Neutral. 


Fertilizer is not fundamental for agave plants as this would energize flowering, which some would prefer not to immediately as most Agave plants bite the dust after sprouting. However, if you need to take care of them to give their supplement needs, do this monthly during the plant's dynamic season, which is in spring and summer. You might utilize a good plant food diluted to 1/2 the suggested strength or with a compost tea, and never prepare while it is in the resting period, which is in fall and winter. 

Types of Agave 

There are various types of Agave, including: 

  • Agave attenuata: Agave attenuata is a local Mexican plant that structures rosettes of succulent-like, delicate plump, lime green to pale blue leaves. The 60cm (23 inches) leaves are fairly clear, without any spines.  
  • Agave parviflora: Agave parviflora (Smallflower Century Plant) is an elaborate, succulent, perpetual flowering plant with a little rosette up to 25 cm tall and up to 20 cm wide. The succulent leaves are waxy, dull green with white markings, and up to 20 cm long. The leaf edges have stripping strands. The plant creates an inflorescence up to 2.1 m tall with cream or light yellow blossoms in summer. 
  • Agave tequilana Azul: It is the main assortment of agave allowed by government law in Mexico to be utilized for tequila creation. This attractive plant can grow to 15 feet in breadth and as tall as 30 feet when furnished with the appropriate outdoor climate, however, can keep up with itself in a smaller container indoors or on a patio too. 
  • Agave victoria-reginae: It is an extremely slow-growing, however intense, and delightful Agave. It is considered to be the most excellent and advantageous species. 

Propagating Agave 

Balances that can be found at the base of the plant can be utilized to spread. When the offset is around 8-10cm long it very well may be separated and placed into a standard preparing blend. Make sure that it is much established, and give it enough water, so the preparing blend is marginally damp. They are additionally spread with seeds. 

How to Grow Agave from Seed 

Place the planting container in splendid, roundabout sunlight in a warm spot. Keep an evening temperature no lower than 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The seeds should sprout in a little while, however, they might grow sporadically throughout a more extended timeframe. Eliminate the plastic when seedlings show up. 

Potting and Repotting Agave 

The plant should be re-pruned each spring while it is growing, moving it in a pot that is one size bigger. To improve drainage, a layer of broken vessels in the base of the pot will help drainage. When the plant has arrived at the most extreme helpful pot size it should be top-dressed throughout the spring months. 

Common Pests 

Agave might experience the ill effects of pests and bug bothers during its growth, so we should focus on putting it in a warm and dry climate for reproducing at normal times. When we grow and care for Agave, reinforce the management of watering and fertilization, and treat weeds around Agave routinely to reduce the damage of Agave pests and diseases. 

Common Problems with Agave 

Agave might confront the sun and dry periods well but are very powerless to plant-eating insects, for example, the soft scale, snout weevil, and the cactus longhorn beetle. Signs of invasion include wilting or drying leaves and brown spots. Shower plagued plants with an expansive range of insect poison and screen conditions until the health of the plant gets back to business as usual. 


Is agave easy to grow? 

Growing agave is easy if you plant the right variety in the right area. Agaves need full sun and abrasive soil that permeates without any problem. They can even grow well when pruned yet utilize an unglazed earth pot that will permit the vanishing of overabundance dampness. 

How quickly does agave grow? 

It takes around 7 years for agave to arrive at growth for harvest. 

How regularly should agave be watered? 

Agaves require little attention regarding thriving. Water the plant each 4-5 days for the 1-2 months. However, it is best to water it 2-3 times per month in summer. 

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Elissa Sanci
Elissa Sanci
Elissa Sanci, the owner of the website, and senior writer of New York Garden; graduated from Santa Barbara City College – a famous public school in California with many diverse training professions, and she majored in horticulture.